Mastering the Art of Dry Pack Concrete: A Practical Guide

Maddison Davis
3 min readJun 17, 2023

Dry pack concrete, also known as dry mix mortar or dry pack mortar, is a versatile construction material widely used in various applications. It is a mixture of cement, sand, and additives, designed to achieve high strength and excellent workability without the need for excessive water content.

In this article, we will delve into the world of dry pack concrete, exploring its composition, benefits, applications, and the essential steps involved in its preparation and installation.

Composition and Benefits of Dry Pack Concrete:

Dry pack concrete consists of a precise blend of cement, sand, and additives. The typical ratio for dry pack concrete is 1 part cement to 3 or 4 parts sand, depending on the desired strength and consistency.

The sand used should be clean, well-graded, and free from impurities to ensure optimal performance.

The main advantages of dry pack concrete include:

High Strength: Dry pack concrete is formulated to achieve excellent compressive strength, making it suitable for a wide range of load-bearing applications.

Minimal Shrinkage: Due to the low water content, dry pack concrete experiences minimal shrinkage during the curing process, resulting in a more durable and crack-resistant finished product.

Improved Workability: The dry mix mortar can be easily manipulated and shaped when installing, allowing for precise placement in confined spaces or around complex structures.

Applications of Dry Pack Concrete:

Dry pack concrete finds application in various construction projects, including:

Shower Pan Installation: Dry pack mortar is commonly used to create a solid, sloped base for shower pans. It provides a stable foundation that ensures proper drainage and prevents water leakage.

Tile Installation: Dry pack concrete can be used as an underlayment for tile installations. It creates a level surface that supports the tiles and minimizes the risk of cracks or shifting.

Repairing Floors and Steps: Dry pack concrete is an excellent choice for repairing damaged or uneven floors and steps. It can be used to fill voids, level surfaces, and restore structural integrity.

Preparing and Installing Dry Pack Concrete:

Surface Preparation: Ensure that the substrate is clean, free from dust, debris, and any loose materials. Moisten the substrate with water to enhance the bonding.

Mixing: In a clean container, combine the appropriate ratio of cement and sand. Add any required additives or bonding agents according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Mix the dry ingredients thoroughly until a homogeneous blend is achieved.

Gradually add water: Add water gradually while mixing the dry ingredients. Aim for a consistency that allows the mixture to hold its shape when squeezed in your hand but crumbles easily.

Placement: Immediately after mixing, place the dry pack concrete into the desired area. Compact the material firmly using a trowel or a hand tamper, ensuring proper adhesion to the substrate. Repeat this process in layers until the desired thickness is achieved.

Finishing: Once the dry pack concrete is compacted and leveled, allow it to cure for the recommended time. After the initial curing, the surface can be finished as per the specific requirements, such as tiling, waterproofing, or sealing.


Dry pack concrete offers a reliable and efficient solution for numerous construction and repair projects. Its exceptional strength, minimal shrinkage, and ease of installation make it a preferred choice among contractors and DIY enthusiasts alike.

By understanding the composition, benefits, and proper installation techniques of dry pack concrete, one can confidently tackle a wide range of applications, creating long-lasting, durable structures that stand the test of time.